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Saturday, August 3, 2019

Charge Controller Used in Solar system

Why Charge Controller is Used in a Solar system and what are the functions of charge controller?

In a Solar System we cannot charge our batteries directly with the solar plates because it is not only decrease the lifespan of panels but also destroy the cells of the battery that's why it is necessary to use charge controller
Typically solar charge controller consists of basic features
Low voltage protection
Over voltage protection
Battery cut off circuit
Back current Protection
Over discharge protection

The most essential charge controller basically controls the device voltage and opens the circuit, halting the charging, when the battery voltage ascents to a certain level. More charge controllers utilized a mechanical relay to open or shut the circuit, halting or beginning power heading off to the electric storage devices.

Generally solar power systems utilize 12V of batteries. Solar panels can convey much more voltage than is obliged to charge the battery. The charge voltage could be kept at a best level while the time needed to completely charge the electric storage devices is lessened. This permits the solar systems to work optimally constantly. By running higher voltage in the wires from the solar panels to the charge controller, power dissipation in the wires is diminished fundamentally.

The solar charge controllers can also control the reverse power flow. The charge controllers can distinguish when no power is originating from the solar panels and open the circuit separating the solar panels from the battery devices and halting the reverse current flow.

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